Treatment of Depression Following Spinal Cord Injury: An Evidence-Based Review
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Study Design: Evaluative research review. Objective: Depression is a significant secondary complication of spinal cord injuries (SCI); this study applies the D. L. Sackett (1989) research criteria to evaluate the quality of intervention studies of the treatment of depression among persons with SCI. Method: An extensive range of peer-reviewed published research was identified through established databases, critical reviews, and published meta-analyses. Results: Nine studies met the inclusion criteria. One antidepressant study was rated above Level III; although the psychological intervention studies had control groups, these were not randomized. Conclusion: This review demonstrates the need for randomized clinical trials of psychological and pharmacological interventions for depression and distress among persons with SCI, so that informed decisions concerning cost-effective treatments can be made.
author list (cited authors)
Elliott, T. R., & Kennedy, P.