The Role of Social and Personal Identities in Self-Esteem Among Ethnic Minority College Students. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study examined the latent personal-social identity profiles that emerged from simultaneous consideration of ethnic, national (United States), and personal identities among ethnic minority college students (N = 3,009) as well as how personal and social identities are jointly associated with self-esteem. Results indicated that the structure of personal-social identity profiles significantly differed across ethnicity, but also indicated some commonalities. The study identified three profiles among Blacks, four among Asian Americans, and two among Latinos. Some personal-social identity profiles were common across multiple ethnic groups, but others were unique within one specific ethnic group. Overall, the profiles indicated important associations between ethnic identity, U.S. identity, and personal identity. These profiles were linked with self-esteem such that individuals who reported high levels of multiple social and personal identities had the highest self-esteem compared to other profiles.

published proceedings

  • Identity (Mahwah, N J)

author list (cited authors)

  • Gonzales-Backen, M. A., Dumka, L. E., Millsap, R. E., Yoo, H. C., Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., ... Vazsonyi, A. T.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A||Dumka, Larry E||Millsap, Roger E||Yoo, Hyung Chol||Schwartz, Seth J||Zamboanga, Byron L||Weisskirch, Robert S||Rodriguez, Liliana||Castillo, Linda G||Kim, Su Yeong||Brown, Elissa J||Whitbourne, Susan Krauss||Vazsonyi, Alexander T

publication date

  • July 2015