Strategy Regulation: The Role of Intelligence, Metacognitive Attributions, and Knowledge Base
Additional Document Info
This study investigated the influence of intelligence, metacognitive attributions, and knowledge base on strategy regulation during a sort-recall task in 1st- and 2nd-grade children. Children were classified into 4 types of metacognitive attributions (W. V. Fabricius & J. W. Hagen, 1984). Use of the category-sorting strategy with high and low knoweldge base stimuli was then examined, and intelligence measures were collected. Results suggested that knowledge base was a powerful predictor of strategic-looking behavior whereas metacognitive attributions' influence was most evident in the low knowledge base condition. Intelligence played little role in predicting strategy use when other factors were taken into account. Evidence indicated that 1st graders were utilization deficient as they could use the strategy but were unable to gain maximum benefit from it (D. DeMarie-Dreblow & P. H. Miller, 1988).