Metacognition and mathematics strategy use Academic Article uri icon


  • The role of children's metacognitive knowledge in their mathematics strategy use was studied by a longitudinal examination of second graders' effort attributions, metacognition for mathematics, and strategy use while solving mathematics problems. Children's correct use of retrieval, internal and external strategies, and the prevalence of strategy use were assessed in September and the following January. Effort attributions for success and failure were also assessed at both points in time. In January, metacognitive knowledge about mathematics strategies was measured. Second graders possess metacognitive knowledge about mathematics strategies, and this knowledge is correlated most strongly with the tendency to use internal strategies in September and correct internal strategy use in September. Effort attributions measured at both timepoints were significantly related to metacognition. Effort attributions in January also correlated with the tendency to use internal strategies in January. In general, the results are consistent with selfsystem theories, which posit that metacognition, motivation, and strategy use work together to promote learning. Copyright 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

published proceedings

  • Applied Cognitive Psychology

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Carr, M., Alexander, J., & FoldsBennett, T.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Carr, Martha||Alexander, Joyce||Foldsā€Bennett, Trisha

publication date

  • January 1994