Multicultural Training Academic Article uri icon


  • The Multicultural Program Development Pyramid is a five-tiered framework outlining stages of multicultural counseling training (MCT) program development. The pyramid is intended to serve as a guide to help program developers formulate their own unique MCT programs. The pyramid lays out a path of critical choice points in MCT development, beginning with the generation of an explicit philosophy of training and proceeding through the stages of identifying training objectives, selecting instructional strategies, choosing from among several proposed program designs, and evaluating the program. Use of the pyramid encourages the critical examination of a full range of choices at each stage. Implications of the pyramid for current MCT, the scientist-practitioner model, and the future of MCT research and development are discussed. © 1994, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ridley, C. R., Mendoza, D. W., & Kanitz, B. E.

citation count

  • 165

publication date

  • April 1994