Evaluation of Full-Depth Asphalt Pavement Construction Using X-Ray Computed Tomography and Ground Penetrating Radar Academic Article uri icon


  • In the past few years, a number of full-depth or perpetual pavements have been designed and constructed in the State of Texas. A study was conducted to examine the quality of the compaction of the thick asphalt layers within these pavements using advanced forensic tools such as X-ray computed tomography (X-ray CT) and ground penetrating radar (GPR). The GPR is a nondestructive tool for evaluating the uniformity of density in pavements at highway speed. X-ray CT is a laboratory tool that is used to conduct detailed analysis of air void distribution and uniformity in asphalt pavement cores. This paper presents the results of analyzing one of the perpetual pavements constructed in State Highway 114 (SH-114). In this project, two different structural asphalt pavement sections were placed, one included a 1 in. (25.4 mm) stone filled (SF) Superpave mix and the other included a traditional dense graded Type B material. The dense graded Type B material was found to be uniformly compacted. However, major compaction problems were identified with the coarse SF Superpave mix. The poor compaction and associated high percent air vsoids were found to permit moisture infiltration, which could potentially lead to rapid pavement deterioration. The analysis showed very good agreement between the GPR and X-ray CT results and demonstrated the efficiency of using GPR and X-ray CT in the evaluation of asphalt pavement compaction. 2008 ASCE.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kassem, E., Walubita, L., Scullion, T., Masad, E., & Wimsatt, A.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Kassem, Emad||Walubita, Lubinda||Scullion, Tom||Masad, Eyad||Wimsatt, Andrew

publication date

  • December 2008