Application of Imaging Techniques to Geometry Analysis of Aggregate Particles Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents image analysis techniques by which to characterize the texture, angularity, and form of aggregate particles used in highway construction and geotechnical applications. For texture analysis, wavelet decomposition in gray scale images of particles is performed. The results demonstrate that multiscale wavelet representation is a powerful tool by which to capture the texture and to differentiate "true" texture from "false" texture caused by variations of natural color on a particle surface. Angularity and form analyses of particles are done using binary images. A gradient-based method is employed to describe angularity. This method is shown to differentiate between particles with different angularity characteristics. Form analysis of the particles includes computing the shape factor and sphericity index, which are based on measurements of the shortest, intermediate, and longest axis of the particle. Particle thickness is measured using the feature of an autofocus microscope. The width and length are calculated by an eigenvalue decomposition method of two-dimensional particle projections. Details of an interactive software developed to compute the different aggregate shape factors are discussed. The results indicate that these calculated values of the particle dimensions match very closely the values measured manually using a digital caliper. ASCE,.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering

author list (cited authors)

  • Chandan, C., Sivakumar, K., Masad, E., & Fletcher, T.

citation count

  • 79

complete list of authors

  • Chandan, C||Sivakumar, Krishna||Masad, Eyad||Fletcher, Thomas

publication date

  • January 2004