Fine-aggregate angularity - Automated image analysis approach Academic Article uri icon


  • Angularity is one of the important aggregate properties contributing to the permanent deformation resistance of asphalt mixtures. Therefore, methods that are able to rapidly and accurately describe aggregate angularity are valuable in the design process of asphalt mixtures. Two computer-automated procedures, which make use of the advances in digital-image processing, to quantify fine aggregate angularity, are presented. The first method relies on the concepts of the erosion-dilation techniques. This consists of subjecting the aggregate surface to a smoothing effect that causes the angularity elements to disappear from the image. Then, the area lost as a result of the smoothing effect is calculated and used to quantify angularity. The second method is based on the fractal approach. Image-analysis techniques are used to measure the fractal length of aggregate boundary. The fractal length increases with aggregate angularity. The proposed imaging techniques are used to capture the aggregate angularity of 23 sand samples that represent a wide range of materials. The results are compared with visual analysis and indirect methods of measuring fine-aggregate angularity, such as the uncompacted air voids, and the angle of internal friction of aggregate mass. In general, the results indicate much promise for measuring aggregate properties using automated imaging technologies.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Masad, E., Button, J. W., & Papagiannakis, T.

citation count

  • 41

complete list of authors

  • Masad, E||Button, JW||Papagiannakis, T

publication date

  • January 2000