Modeling Nonlinear Anisotropic Elastic Properties of Unbound Granular Bases Using Microstructure Distribution Tensors Academic Article uri icon


  • The resilient properties of unbound aggregate bases are important parameters in the design of asphalt pavements. Previous studies have shown that these resilient properties exhibit nonlinear and transverse anisotropic characteristics. The paper in hand presents a micromechanics-based approach to model the nonlinear and anisotropic properties of unbound aggregate bases. The anisotropic behavior is captured using two microstructure parameters representing the preferred orientation of aggregate particles, and the ratio of the normal contact stiffness to shear contact stiffness among particles. The nonlinear response is modeled using a relationship that relates the shear modulus to particle packing, material properties, particle size, and confining pressure. The micromechanics model is used to represent the resilient properties for a total of 18 different combinations of material conditions with different aggregate types, moisture contents, and gradation characteristics. Anisotropic and nonlinear resilient properties were measured at ten different stress states for each of the material conditions. The results presented in this paper show that the micromechanics model is capable of successfully representing the experimental measurements. ASCE.

published proceedings

  • International Journal of Geomechanics

author list (cited authors)

  • Masad, E., Little, D., & Lytton, R.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Masad, Eyad||Little, Dallas||Lytton, Robert

publication date

  • December 2004