Polyampholyte polymer as a stabiliser for subgrade soil Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study evaluates the potential of selected ionic polymers to act as pavement subgrade binders. Investigations were based on their relative performance with a Qatari soil which was selected as typical of a pavement subgrade to be found in the Middle East and North African region. The polymeric binders chosen were three synthetic ionic variations of polyacrylamide: cationic poly(acrylamidopropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) (designated PAMTAC), anionic hydrolysed poly(acrylamide) (HPAM) and the ampholitic terpolymer poly(acrylamide-co-sodiumacrylate-co-(3-acrylamidopropyl) trimethylammonium chloride) (TPAM). The polymers were characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR). The comparative performance of the polymer-treated soil was judged on the basis of results obtained from selected standard mechanical test data: specifically, the unconfined compressed strength, the stiffness modulus and the toughness. It is concluded that a 50% w/w aqueous solution of the ampholitic terpolymer applied at a dosage of 2.0% by dry weight of the soil gives the best subgrade stabilisation. Of some significance, it is further noted that this ampholitic polymer was superior as a binding agent to the traditional standard, Portland cement, judged under equivalent but nonstandard conditions. Modifying the polymer to act as a binder for subgrade soils in general is also discussed.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Rodriguez, A. K., Ayyavu, C., Iyengar, S. R., Bazzi, H. S., Masad, E., Little, D., & Hanley, H.

citation count

  • 22

complete list of authors

  • Rodriguez, Ana K||Ayyavu, Chandramohan||Iyengar, Srinath R||Bazzi, Hassan S||Masad, Eyad||Little, Dallas||Hanley, Howard JM

publication date

  • June 2018