Effect of A mixing on elastic modulus, cleavage stress, and shear stress in the Ti3(SixAl1−x)C2 MAX phase Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2017 American Physical Society. Solid solution MAX phases offer the opportunity for further tuning of the thermomechanical and functional properties of MAX phases, increasing their envelope of performance. Previous experimental results show that the lattice parameters of Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 decrease, while the Young's modulus increases with increased Si content in the lattice. In this work, we present a computational investigation of the structural, electronic, and mechanical properties of Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 (x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1). The solid solutions were modeled using special quasirandom structures (SQS) and calculated using density functional theory (DFT), which is implemented in the Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP). The SQS structures represent random mixing of Al and Si in the A sublattice of 312 MAX phase and their structural, electronic, and mechanical properties were calculated and compared with experiments. We study the cleavage and slip behavior of Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 to investigate the deformation behavior in terms of cleavage and shear. It has been shown that the cleavage between M and A layers results in increasing cleavage stress in Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 as a function of Si content in the lattice. In addition, the shear deformation of hexagonal close packed Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 under 21'1'00001 and 01'100001 results in increasing unstable stacking fault energy (USFE) and ideal shear strength (ISS) in Ti3(SixAl1-x)C2 as the system becomes richer in Si.

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Son, W., Gao, H., Duong, T., Talapatra, A., Radovic, M., & Arróyave, R.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • June 2017