Adaptive Emergency Response to Water Distribution System Contamination Events
Additional Document Info
Approximately 90% of the U.S. population receives water from one of 170,000 public water utilities. Despite the ubiquity of this infrastructure, its importance for public health, and increased risk of terrorism, many aspects of emergency management for water supply systems remain at an undeveloped stage. Past efforts have mainly focused on static response which does not consider system dynamics and many changes that occur after contamination starts. To effectively cope with contamination threats, however, the emergency response needs to be adaptive in that it should account for the changing circumstances of contamination and previous actions taken by managers and consumers as well as the stream of new threat information which become available as emergency proceeds. This article describes an ongoing study for development of simulation-optimization models for adaptive emergency response to a contamination event. Dynamic optimization and event-driven programming is applied to create decision aid tools that support emergency managers in making timely and effective decisions. 2012 ASCE.
name of conference
World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2012