Arsenic stabilization on water treatment residuals by calcium addition. Academic Article uri icon


  • A common method of removing arsenic from contaminated water is the co-precipitation or sorption of arsenic onto oxy-hydroxides formed by the addition of metal salts. Arsenic co-precipitation produces solids containing high concentrations of arsenic. The elevated arsenic content poses leaching problems requiring expensive disposal in certified hazardous impoundments. The objective of this research is to determine the effect of calcium addition as a stabilization agent, on arsenic desorption from ferric water treatment residuals. Due to the treatment residual's buffer capacity, desorption experiments in this study did not follow the standard Toxicity Characteristic Leaching procedure (TCLP) test. Arsenate desorption was induced in two ways: controlling solution pH in de-ionized water, and controlling solution pH in a 1.33 mM phosphate solution where phosphate is a competing anion. Desorption from laboratory treatment residuals did not generate any arsenic when calcium was present in solution, especially when excess calcium that did not join the surface of the treatment residual was present. Similarly, arsenic leaching decreased when field treatment residuals were treated with lime as stabilizing agent. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was also tested as a stabilizing agent in conjunction with lime since long term lime stabilization can be slowly consumed when directly exposed to atmospheric CO(2). The solidification and stabilization (S/S) technique with lime and OPC was shown to be successfully applied to the immobilization of arsenic tainted water treatment residuals.

published proceedings

  • J Hazard Mater

author list (cited authors)

  • Camacho, J., Wee, H., Kramer, T. A., & Autenrieth, R.

citation count

  • 52

complete list of authors

  • Camacho, Julianna||Wee, Hun-Young||Kramer, Timothy A||Autenrieth, Robin

publication date

  • June 2009