Exploring socio-cultural factors that influence HRD practices in Lebanon Academic Article uri icon


  • The field of human resource development (HRD) is not easy to define, whether in the United States or internationally. Understanding of the meaning of HRD varies from country to country based on a number of identifiable factors specific to that country. This paper explores the meaning of HRD in Lebanon through examining relevant ideas about socio-demographic variables such as history, religion, culture, family and gender that affect the Lebanese notion of HRD and of occupational attainment. The paper concludes with an agenda for research to further our understanding of challenges and opportunities for workforce and human resource education in the Lebanon. © 2006 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

author list (cited authors)

  • Dirani, K.

citation count

  • 31

publication date

  • March 2006