An experimental investigation of thermal loading on a plate from parallel triple jet Conference Paper uri icon


  • Temperature fluctuations are known to occur in the mixing region of non-isothermal flows, and can cause undesired thermal stresses. This is a concern in certain key components for next generation high temperature gas cooled reactors. One such reactor concept is the very high temperature gas reactor (VHTR), which uses helium as the primary coolant. In the lower plenum of such reactors, the coolant channels mix together and are collectively routed to a gas turbine or hydrogen production facility, and the potential for incomplete mixing is a concern. The objective of this study is to gain insight into the thermal loading conditions expected in the VHTR lower plenum. To analyze the lower plenum mixing behavior, an experimental study of the interactions of three non-isothermal parallel round jets is conducted. A cold jet is surrounded on either side by two hot jets with air as the working fluid. A flat polycarbonate plate is mounted parallel to the axial direction of the jets, with the top edge of the plate directly behind the outlets of the jets. In this configuration the downstream thermal mixing of the jets can be studied. Infrared temperature measurements of the plate surface enable characterization of the thermal forcing function. In general, the highest fluctuations occur in the plane common to the three jet axes. These fluctuations are also increased when the neighboring jets are at the same velocity. The research completed here represents the first step enabling confident predictions of the thermal loading in the VHTR lower plenum. These experiments are intended to serve as validation data for fundamental and applied thermal mixing simulations.

published proceedings

  • International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics 2015, NURETH 2015

author list (cited authors)

  • Kristo, P. J., Landfried, D. T., & Kimber, M. L.

complete list of authors

  • Kristo, PJ||Landfried, DT||Kimber, ML

publication date

  • January 2015