Plants in water-controlled ecosystems: active role in hydrologic processes and response to water stress II. Probabilistic soil moisture dynamics
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A stochastic model for soil moisture dynamics at a point is studied in detail. Rainfall is described as a marked Poisson process, producing a state-dependent infiltration into the soil. Losses due to leakage and evapotranspiration also depend on the existing level of soil moisture through a simplifying but realistic representation of plant physiological characteristics and soil properties. The analytic solution of the steady-state probability distributions is investigated to assess the role of climate, soil, and vegetation in soil moisture dynamics and water balance. 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.