Hydrologic controls on soil carbon and nitrogen cycles. II. A case study
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The nitrogen and carbon cycles in the broad-leafed savanna at Nylsvley (S. Africa) are modeled using the stochastic approach presented by Porporato et al. [Adv Water Res (this issue)]. An accurate representation of the hydrological mechanisms that control the nitrogen cycle at the daily time scale is shown to be necessary to capture the impact of the high-frequency variability of the soil moisture on the nitrogen and carbon dynamics. The fluctuations of the random precipitation forcing propagate to soil moisture, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics, giving rise to a gamut of fluctuations at different time scales. Long simulations are carried out to achieve a probabilistic characterization of the dynamics of the state variables under different rainfall regimes. 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.