Manipulation of fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipid and its effects on cell growth in mouse LM cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • Fatty acid composition of the phospholipids of mouse LM cells grown in suspension culture in serum-free chemically defined medium was modified by supplementing the medium with various fatty acids bound to bovine serum albumin. Following supplementation with saturated fatty acids of longer than 15 carbons (100 micron) profound inhibition of cell growth occurred; this inhibitory effect was completely abolished when unsaturated fatty acids were added at the same concentration. Supplementing with unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid, linolenic acid or arachidonic acid had no effect on the cell growth. Fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids could be manipulated by addition of different fatty acids. The normal percentage of unsaturated fatty acids in LM cell membrane phospholipids (63%) was reduced to 35--41% following incorporation of saturated fatty acids longer than 15 carbon atoms and increased to 72--82% after addition of unsaturated fatty acids. A good correlation was found between the unsaturated fatty acid content of membrane phospholipids and cell growth. When incorporated saturated fatty acids reduced the percentage of unsaturated fatty acids in membrane phospholipids to less than 50%, severe inhibition of the cell growth was found. Simultaneous addition of an unsaturated fatty acid completely abolished this effect of saturated fatty acids. The results suggest that maintenance of membrane fluidity by unsaturated fatty acids in membrane phospholipids is critical to membrane integrity and cell growth.

published proceedings

  • Biochim Biophys Acta

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Doi, O., Doi, F., Schroeder, F., Alberts, A. W., & Vagelos, P. R.

citation count

  • 86

complete list of authors

  • Doi, O||Doi, F||Schroeder, F||Alberts, AW||Vagelos, PR

publication date

  • May 1978