Intestinal edema: effect of enteral feeding on motility and gene expression.
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OBJECTIVE: Edema formation, inflammation, and ileus in the intestine are commonly seen in conditions like gastroschisis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cirrhosis. We hypothesized that early enteral feeding would improve intestinal transit. We also wanted to study the impact of early enteral feeding on global gene expression in the intestine. DESIGN: Rats were divided into Sham or Edema +/- immediate enteral nutrition (IEN). At 12 h, small intestinal transit via FITC-Dextran and tissue water were measured. Ileum was harvested for total RNA to analyze gene expression using cDNA microarray with validation using real-time PCR. Data are expressed as mean +/- SEM, n = 4-6 and (*), (**) = P < 0.05 versus all groups using ANOVA. RESULTS: IEN markedly improved intestinal transit with minimal genetic alterations in Edema animals. Major alterations in gene expression were detected in primary, cellular and macromolecular metabolic activities. Edema also altered more genes involved with the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. CONCLUSIONS: Intestinal edema results in impaired small intestinal transit and globally increased gene expression. Early enteral nutrition improves edema-induced impaired transit and minimizes gene transcriptional activity.
author list (cited authors)
Moore-Olufemi, S. D., Padalecki, J., Olufemi, S. E., Xue, H., Oliver, D. H., Radhakrishnan, R. S., ... Cox, C. S.
complete list of authors
Moore-Olufemi, Stacey D||Padalecki, Jeff||Olufemi, Shodimu E||Xue, Hasen||Oliver, Dwight H||Radhakrishnan, Ravi S||Allen, Steve J||Moore, Fred A||Stewart, Randy||Laine, Glen A||Cox, Charles S