A modified restricted Euler equation for turbulent flows with mean velocity gradients
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The restricted Euler equation captures many important features of the behavior of the velocity gradient tensor observed in direct numerical simulations (DNS) of isotropic turbulence. However, in slightly more complex flows the agreement is not good, especially in regions of low dissipation. In this paper, it is demonstrated that the Reynolds-averaged restricted Euler equation violates the balance of mean momentum for most homogeneous turbulent flows with only two major exceptions: isotropic and homogeneously sheared turbulence. A new model equation which overcomes this shortcoming and is more widely applicable is suggested. This model is derived from the Navier-Stokes equation with a restricted Euler-type approximation made on the fluctuating velocity gradient field. Analytical solutions of the proposed modified restricted Euler equation appear, at this point, to be difficult to obtain. Hence, a strategy for numerically calculating the velocity gradient tensor is developed. Preliminary calculations tend to indicate that the modified restricted Euler equation captures many important aspects of the behavior of the fluctuating velocity gradients in anisotropic homogeneous turbulence. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.
author list (cited authors)
Girimaji, S. S., & Speziale, C. G.