A diffusion model for velocity gradients in turbulence Academic Article uri icon


  • In this paper a stochastic model for velocity gradients following fluid particles in incompressible, homogeneous, and isotropic turbulence is presented and demonstrated. The model is constructed so that the velocity gradients satisfy the incompressibility and isotropy requirements exactly. It is further constrained to yield the first few moments of the velocity gradient distribution similar to those computed from full turbulence simulations (FTS) data. The performance of the model is then compared with other computations from FTS data. The model gives good agreement of one-time statistics. While the two-time statistics of strain rate are well replicated, the two-time vorticity statistics are not as good, reflecting perhaps a certain lack of embodiment of physics in the model. The performance of the model when used to compute material element deformation is qualitatively good, with the material line-element growth rate being correct to within 5% and that of surface element correct to within 20% for the lowest Reynolds number considered. The performance of the model is uniformly good for all the Reynolds numbers considered. So it is conjectured that the model can be used even in inhomogeneous, high-Reynolds-number flows, for the study of evolution of surfaces, a problem that is of interest particularly to combustion researchers. © 1990 American Institute of Physics.

author list (cited authors)

  • Girimaji, S. S., & Pope, S. B.

citation count

  • 94

publication date

  • February 1990