Low-frequency vibrational spectra and ring-puckering potential-energy function of 2-phospholene and 2-phospholene-1-d Academic Article uri icon


  • The far-infrared and low-frequency Raman spectra of 2-phospholene, CH=CHCH2CH2PH, and 2-phospholene-1-d have been recorded. Four infrared and three Raman ring-puckering transitions were observed for each isotopic species. Kinetic energy expansions, corresponding to reduced masses of 130.42 and 136.72 au, were calculated for the two species, and these were used to determine the asymmetric potential function for the ring puckering vibration of molecules: V (cm-1) = 6.05 × 105x4 + 3.24 × 105x3 + 5.43 × 104x2, where x is the puckering coordinate in angstroms. The minimum at x = 0 corresponds to a puckered (presumably endo) conformation. Inflection points occur in the potential function at x = -0.08 Å (where V = 205 cm-1) and x = -0.19 Å (where V = 524 cm-1). It is likely that the less stable planar ring conformation and the less stable puckered conformation (exo) may be associated with these values. © 1984 American Chemical Society.

author list (cited authors)

  • Harthcock, M. A., Villarreal, J. R., Richardson, L. W., & Laane, J.

citation count

  • 3

publication date

  • March 1984