Convolutional neural networks-based intelligent recognition of Chinese license plates
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© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. License plate recognition has gained extensive applications in many fields. Some interesting algorithms and models have been developed to deal with the issues in the location, segmentation and recognition processes. This paper focuses on the intelligent recognition of Chinese license plates with daily life backgrounds by designing new convolutional neural networks. Firstly, to extract Chinese license plates from the images subject to daily life backgrounds, which is more difficult than from those with fixed background, a color edge algorithm is proposed to detect specific edges of input image. A color-depressed grayscale conversion method is presented to preprocess plate samples with poor quality, and an improved relocation method is given to eliminate plate frames. Then a combination of connected component analysis and projection analysis is implemented for the segmentation. Finally, simplified and recurrent convolutional neural networks are designed to automatically recognize the characters (the first one is Chinese character, which is followed by six alphanumeric characters). A total of 2189 images containing Chinese license plates are collected manually with different backgrounds. Tested on these samples, the location rate of 98.95 % , segmentation rate of 96.58 % and recognition rate of 98.09 % are, respectively, achieved by our algorithms. The accuracy rate of recognition of Chinese license plates reaches 93.74 % , and it averagely takes 318 ms to complete the recognition of a license plate, which meets the real-time processing requirement.
author list (cited authors)
Liu, Y., Huang, H. e., Cao, J., & Huang, T.