Influence of boundary conditions on statistical properties of ideal Bose-Einstein condensates. Academic Article uri icon


  • We investigate the probability distribution that governs the number of ground-state particles in a partially condensed ideal Bose gas confined to a cubic volume within the canonical ensemble. Imposing either periodic or Dirichlet boundary conditions, we derive asymptotic expressions for all its cumulants. Whereas the condensation temperature becomes independent of the boundary conditions in the large-system limit, as implied by Weyl's theorem, the fluctuation of the number of condensate particles and all higher cumulants remain sensitive to the boundary conditions even in that limit. The implications of these findings for weakly interacting Bose gases are briefly discussed.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys

author list (cited authors)

  • Holthaus, M., Kapale, K. T., & Scully, M. O.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Holthaus, Martin||Kapale, Kishore T||Scully, Marlan O

publication date

  • March 2002