Stimulated Raman photoacoustic imaging. Academic Article uri icon


  • Achieving label-free, molecular-specific imaging with high spatial resolution in deep tissue is often considered the grand challenge of optical imaging. To accomplish this goal, significant optical scattering in tissues has to be overcome while achieving molecular specificity without resorting to extrinsic labeling. We demonstrate the feasibility of developing such an optical imaging modality by combining the molecularly specific stimulated Raman excitation with the photoacoustic detection. By employing two ultrashort excitation laser pulses, separated in frequency by the vibrational frequency of a targeted molecule, only the specific vibrational level of the target molecules in the illuminated tissue volume is excited. This targeted optical absorption generates ultrasonic waves (referred to as stimulated Raman photoacoustic waves) which are detected using a traditional ultrasonic transducer to form an image following the design of the established photoacoustic microscopy.

published proceedings

  • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Yakovlev, V. V., Zhang, H. F., Noojin, G. D., Denton, M. L., Thomas, R. J., & Scully, M. O.

citation count

  • 66

complete list of authors

  • Yakovlev, Vladislav V||Zhang, Hao F||Noojin, Gary D||Denton, Michael L||Thomas, Robert J||Scully, Marlan O

publication date

  • November 2010