Effects of a Hydrated Sodium Calcium Aluminosilicate on Growing Turkey Poults During Aflatoxicosis 1 Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Effects of adding .5% of a hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS) to diets containing 1 or .5 mg aflatoxin (AF)/kg were determined in male turkey poults from 1 day to 3 wk of age. Body weight gains were significantly reduced by 51 and 19% in turkey poults fed 1 and .5 mg AF/kg, respectively; efficiency of feed utilization was not affected. There were no deaths in poults fed .5 mg AF/kg; however, the mortality rate was 88% in poults fed 1 mg AF/kg. The addition of .5% dietary HSCAS resulted in a 68% decrease in mortality to 28% for the 3-wk experimental period. Treatment-related changes in relative organ weights, hematological values, serum biochemical values, and enzyme activities were observed. The HSCAS in the absence of AF did not alter any of the parameters measured. The HSCAS diminished the adverse effects of AF on body weight gains, most relative organ weights, hematological values, serum biochemical values, and enzyme activities associated with .5 mg AF/kg, but not 1 mg AF/kg. These findings indicate that HSCAS may diminish many of the adverse effects of AF in an AF-sensitive species, the turkey.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • KUBENA, L. F., HUFF, W. E., HARVEY, R. B., YERSIN, A. G., ELISSALDE, M. H., WITZEL, D. A., ... PETERSEN, H. D.

citation count

  • 71

complete list of authors

  • Kubena, LF||Huff, WE||Harvey, RB||Yersin, AG||Elissalde, MH||Witzel, DA||Giroir, LE||Phillips, TD||Petersen, HD

publication date

  • August 1991