Effects of rubratoxin B on the kinetics of cationic and substrate activation of (Na+-K+)-ATPase and p-nitrophenyl phosphatase.
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Rubratoxin B, a lactone-containing bisanhydride metabolite of certain toxigenic molds, inhibited (Na+-K+)-stimulated ATPase activity of mouse brain microsomes in a dose-dependent manner with an estimated IC50 of 6 x 10(-6) M. Hydrolysis of ATP was linear with time and enzyme concentration, with or without rubratoxin in reaction mixtures. Altered pH and activity curves for (Na+-K+)-ATPase demonstrated comparable inhibition by rubratoxin in buffered acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH ranges. Kinetic studies of cationic-substrate activation of (Na+-K+)-ATPase indicated classical competitive inhibition for Na+ and K+. Results also showed competitive inhibition for K+ activated p-nitrophenyl phosphatase as demonstrated by altered binding site parameters without change in the catalytic velocity of dephosphorylation of the enzyme . phosphoryl complex. Noncompetitive inhibition with regards to activation by ATP and p-nitrophenyl phosphate was indicated by altered Vmax values with no change in Km values. Inhibition was partially restored by repeated washings. Preincubation with sulfhydryl agents protected the enzyme from inhibition. Cumulative inhibition studies with rubratoxin and ouabain indicated possible interaction between the two inhibitors of (Na+-K+)-ATPase. Rubratoxin appeared to exert its effects on (Na+-K+)-ATPase by interacting at Na+ and K+ sites.
author list (cited authors)
Phillips, T. D., Hayes, A. W., Ho, I. K., & Desaiah, D.
complete list of authors
Phillips, TD||Hayes, AW||Ho, IK||Desaiah, D