Expression, Characterisation and Mutagenesis of the Aspartic Proteinase from Equine Infectious Anaemia Virus
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The gene encoding the proteinase from equine infectious anaemia virus (EIAV) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant EIAV proteinase was purified to homogeneity and shown to have the ability to process polyprotein and synthetic peptide substrates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) origin with an efficiency that can approach that exhibited by HIV proteinase. EIAV proteinase, however, was not susceptible to inhibition by a wide variety of inhibitors of HIV-1 proteinase, including those which have been licenced as anti-AIDS drugs. In this respect, EIAV proteinase behaves like an extreme case of a drug-resistant mutant of HIV-1 proteinase that has arisen under selective drug pressure. Only one potent inhibitor (HBY-793) of HIV-1 proteinase showed comparable efficiency against the EIAV enzyme; the compounds A-77003 and A-76889, which differ only in their stereochemistry and which are otherwise structurally identical to HBY-793 from residues P2 to P2' [nomenclature of Schechter, I. & Berger, A. (1967) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 27, 157-162], were not effective inhibitors of EIAV proteinase. Mutant forms of EIAV proteinase (Thr30-->Asp and Ile54-->Gly) were generated and their ability to interact with substrates and inhibitors was characterised. HBY-793 inhibited [Gly54]proteinase as effectively as the wild-type proteinase but was tenfold less potent against [Asp30]proteinase. Data interpretations are presented, based on the structure solved for the complex between HBY-793 and EIAV [Gly54]proteinase [Gustchina A., Kervinen, J., Powell, D. J., Zdanov, A., Kay, J. & Wlodawer, A. (1996) Protein Sci. 5, 1453-1465].
author list (cited authors)
Powell, D. J., Bur, D., Wlodawer, A., Gustchina, A., Payne, S. L., Dunn, B. M., & Kay, J.
complete list of authors
Powell, DJ||Bur, D||Wlodawer, A||Gustchina, A||Payne, SL||Dunn, BM||Kay, J