Pharmacokinetic differences in exposure to camphor after intraruminal dosing in selectively bred lines of goats
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A pharmacokinetic dosing study with camphor was used to determine whether selection lines of high-juniper-consuming goats (HJC, n = 12) and low-juniper-consuming goats (LJC, n = 12) differed in their respective disposition kinetics. Postdosing plasma camphor concentrations were used to examine whether a timed single blood sample collected after intraruminal administration of camphor would be a useful screening test to aid in the identification of HJC. Yearling female Boer x Spanish goats (n = 24) received a single intraruminal dose of monoterpene cocktail (0.270 g/kg of BW) containing 4 different monoterpenes that represented their composition previously reported for Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei). Camphor, the predominant monoterpene in Ashe juniper, was 49.6% of the mix and was the monoterpene analyzed for this study. Blood samples were taken at 15 time points from 0 to 8 h after dosing. Concentrations of camphor were measured in plasma using solid phase extraction and gas chromatography/flame-ionization detection analysis. Maximal plasma concentration of camphor was greater for LJC than HJC (P = 0.01), and area under the curve extrapolated to infinity was greater for LJC than HJC (P < 0.01). Total systemic exposure (area under the curve) to camphor was 5 times less in HJC goats. We conclude that 1) HJC goats possess internal mechanisms to reduce the bioavailability of camphor, and 2) a blood sample taken at 45 min or at 60 min after intraruminal administration of camphor may be useful for identifying HJC individual animals from within large populations of goats.
author list (cited authors)
Campbell, E. J., Frost, R. A., Mosley, T. K., Mosley, J. C., Lupton, C. J., Taylor, C. A., ... Musser, J.