Pulsatile equibiaxial stretch inhibits thrombin-induced RhoA and NF-kappaB activation. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study investigated interactions between the effects of mechanical stretch and thrombin on RhoA activation in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC). Equibiaxial, pulsatile stretch, or thrombin produced a significant increase in RhoA activation. Surprisingly, in combination, 30 min of stretch inhibited the ability of thrombin to activate RhoA. NO donors and 8-bromo-cGMP significantly inhibited thrombin-induced RhoA activation. Interestingly, the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor L-NAME increased basal RhoA activity, suggesting that NOS activity exerts a tonic inhibition on RhoA. Stretching RASMC increases nitrite production, consistent with the idea that NO contributes to the inhibitory effects of stretch. Thrombin stimulates MAP kinase and NF-kappaB pathways through Rho and these responses were blocked by 8-bromo-cGMP or stretch and restored by L-NAME. These data suggest that stretch, acting through NO and cGMP, can prevent the ability of thrombin to stimulate Rho signaling pathways that contribute to pathophysiological proliferative and inflammatory responses.

published proceedings

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun

author list (cited authors)

  • Haga, J. H., Kaunas, R., Radeff-Huang, J., Weems, J. M., Estrada, K. D., Chien, S., Brown, J. H., & Seasholtz, T. M.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Haga, Jason H||Kaunas, Roland||Radeff-Huang, Julie||Weems, Jessica M||Estrada, Kristine D||Chien, Shu||Brown, Joan Heller||Seasholtz, Tammy M

publication date

  • January 2008