Resonance Energy Transfer Nanobiosensors Based on Affinity Binding between Apo-Enzyme and Its Substrate Academic Article uri icon


  • Systems for glucose monitoring based on resonance energy transfer (RET) and competitive binding using Concanavalin A (Con A) are problematic as a result of problems of toxicity, aggregation, and irreversible binding. This paper presents an improved RET assay wherein Con A was replaced by apo-glucose oxidase (apo-GOx). The basic principle for transduction is identical to that used in assays based on Con A-dextran: a reduction in RET from fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to tetramethyl rhodamine isothiocyanate (TRITC) occurs when FITC-dextran (donor) is displaced from TRITC-apo-GOx (acceptor) as a result of the competition of glucose. Fluorescence measurements confirm that the apo-GOx/dextran complexes are highly sensitive to glucose, measured as an increase in the donor peak relative to acceptor due to stepwise addition of glucose. The solution-phase assay showed strong signals and excellent repeatability, with a sensitivity of 0.0163 (ratio units)/mM over the range of 0-90 mM glucose. If properly encapsulated, these sensors can potentially be used for in vivo sensing without the concern of toxicity associated with Con A.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chinnayelka, S., & McShane, M. J.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004 11:11 AM