Stabilization of glucose oxidase in alginate microspheres with photoreactive diazoresin nanofilm coatings. Academic Article uri icon


  • The nanoassembly and photo-crosslinking of diazo-resin (DAR) coatings on small alginate microspheres for stable enzyme entrapment is described. Multilayer nanofilms of DAR with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) were used in an effort to stabilize the encapsulation of glucose oxidase enzyme for biosensor applications. The activity and physical encapsulation of the trapped enzyme were measured over 24 weeks to compare the effectiveness of nanofilm coatings and crosslinking for stabilization. Uncoated spheres exhibited rapid loss of activity, retaining only 20% of initial activity after one week, and a dramatic reduction in effective activity over 24 weeks, whereas the uncrosslinked and crosslinked {DAR/PSS}-coated spheres retained more than 50% of their initial activity after 4 weeks, which remained stable even after 24 weeks for the two and three bilayer films. Nanofilms comprising more polyelectrolyte layers maintained higher overall activity compared to films of the same composition but fewer layers, and crosslinking the films increased retention of activity over uncrosslinked films after 24 weeks. These findings demonstrate that enzyme immobilization and stabilization can be achieved by using simple modifications to the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique.

published proceedings

  • Biotechnol Bioeng

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Srivastava, R., Brown, J. Q., Zhu, H., & McShane, M. J.

citation count

  • 47

complete list of authors

  • Srivastava, Rohit||Brown, J Quincy||Zhu, Huiguang||McShane, Michael J

publication date

  • July 2005