Spontaneous loading of positively charged macromolecules into alginate-templated polyelectrolyte multilayer microcapsules. Academic Article uri icon


  • A simple and high-efficiency approach to loading macromolecules into microscale carriers is presented. Calcium-cross-linked alginate hydrogel microspheres were fabricated by an emulsification technique and then used as negatively charged templates to form polyelectrolyte multilayer coatings. A calcium ion chelator, EDTA, was used to free the Ca(2+)-cross-linked alginate hydrogel within {poly(allylamine hydrochloride)/poly (styrene sulfonate)}(4) ({PAH/PSS}(4)) coating, allowing partial release of alginate. The retention of alginate in {PAH/PSS}(4) microcapsule was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy and confocal microscopy. Real-time confocal microscopy was used to investigate the loading process of positively charged macromolecules (dextran-amino, and peroxidase) into alginate-templated microcapsules, which showed the loading occurred in <2 min for dextran-amino and <10 min for peroxidase, respectively. A high loading efficiency of 25 mug peroxidase in approximately 1.0 x 10(7) microcapsules (2.5 pg POx/capsule) was achieved with a low concentration of peroxidase loading solution (10 mug/mL). This spontaneous loading technique for encapsulating positively charged molecules in alginate-templated polyelectrolyte microcapsules shows strong potential for biosensor and drug delivery applications.

published proceedings

  • Biomacromolecules

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhu, H., Srivastava, R., & McShane, M. J.

citation count

  • 97

complete list of authors

  • Zhu, Huiguang||Srivastava, Rohit||McShane, Michael J

publication date

  • July 2005