Dissolved core alginate microspheres as "smart-tattoo" glucose sensors.
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The feasibility of multilayer thin film coated dissolved-core alginate-templated microsphere sensors based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer and competitive binding, was explored in simulated interstitial fluid, using glucose as a model analyte. The glucose sensitivity was observed to be 0.89%/mM glucose with a linear response in the range of 0-50 mM glucose. The sensor response was observed to be completely reversible in nature with a response time of 120 seconds. The system was further demonstrated to respond similarly using near-infrared dyes (Alexa Fluor-647-labeled dextran as donor and QSY-21-conjugated apo-GOx as acceptor) which exhibited a sensitivity of 0.94%/mM glucose with a linear response in range of 0-50 mM glucose, making the sensor more amenable to in vivo use, when implanted in scattering tissue.
author list (cited authors)
Chaudhary, A., Raina, M., McShane, M. J., & Srivastava, R.