Multiple regression and principal components analysis of puberty and growth in cattle. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Multiple regression and principal components analyses were employed to examine relationships among pubertal and growth characters. Records used were from 424 bulls and 475 heifers produced by a diallel mating of Angus, Brahman, Hereford, Holstein and Jersey breeds. Characters studied were age, weight and height at puberty and measurements of weight and hip height from 9 to 21 mo of age; pelvic measurements of heifers also were included. Measurements of weight and height near 1 yr of age were related most highly to pubertal age, weight adn height. Larger size near 1 yr of age was associated with younger, larger animals at puberty. Growth rate was associated with pubertal characters before, but not after, adjustment for effects of breed-type. Principal components of the variation of pubertal and growth characters among animals were strongly related to both weight and height. The majority of the variation among breed-types was due to height. Characteristic vectors of principal components describing the variation of bulls and heifers were strikingly similar. The variance-covariance structure of pubertal characters was essentially the same for both sexes even though the mean values of the characters differed.

author list (cited authors)

  • Baker, J. F., Stewart, T. S., Long, C. R., & Cartwright, T. C.

citation count

  • 21

publication date

  • January 1988