In vitro production of pig embryos: comparisons of culture media and boars. Academic Article uri icon


  • The utilization of in vitro produced pig embryos for commercial production or research is dependent upon the development of improved methodology. Our objective was to establish a consistent in vitro embryo production (IVP) system and subsequently utilize the procedures to evaluate culture system components and boar effects. To summarize the IVP system, 403 inseminated oocytes from a total of 2243 were analyzed across 17 replicates for maturation and fertilization efficiency, while 1838 zygotes were cultured in 26 replicates for developmental data. Penetration, cleavage and blastocyst development rates were determined at 18, 44 and either 144 or 168 h post insemination, respectively. Monospermic penetration averaged 31.8+/-7.3% while polyspermy was 30.8+/-17.2%. Cleavage rate was 44.9+/-16.1%, with 21.8+/-7.5% of fertilized oocytes and 51.9+/-15.9% of cleaved embryos developing to blastocysts. For culture medium comparison, fertilized oocytes were cultured in either BECM-6, BECM-7, NCSU-23 or NCSU-23aa and supplemented on Day 5 post insemination (pi) with 10% FCS. These treatments resulted in 4.0, 4.9, 19.8 and 13.6% (+/-3.2%) blastocysts by Day 7 pi, with an average cell number of 44.4+/-9.0, 65.1+/-8.2, 61.3+/-4.5 and 64.4+/-4.8, respectively. These IVP procedures consistently produced zygotes from semen of several different boars, capable of forming blastocysts in vitro. Comparison of developmental rates among the boars indicated that this system is variable among boars but not strictly boar-dependent. Culture media comparisons suggest that NCSU-23 yielded a higher percentage of blastocysts than the other media in this IVP system.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Long, C. R., Dobrinsky, J. R., & Johnson, L. A.

citation count

  • 61

complete list of authors

  • Long, CR||Dobrinsky, JR||Johnson, LA

publication date

  • May 1999