The paradox of muscle hypertrophy in muscular dystrophy. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mutations in the dystrophin gene cause Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy in humans and syndromes in mice, dogs, and cats. Affected humans and dogs have progressive disease that leads primarily to muscle atrophy. Mdx mice progress through an initial phase of muscle hypertrophy followed by atrophy. Cats have persistent muscle hypertrophy. Hypertrophy in humans has been attributed to deposition of fat and connective tissue (pseudohypertrophy). Increased muscle mass (true hypertrophy) has been documented in animal models. Muscle hypertrophy can exaggerate postural instability and joint contractures. Deleterious consequences of muscle hypertrophy should be considered when developing treatments for muscular dystrophy.

published proceedings

  • Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kornegay, J. N., Childers, M. K., Bogan, D. J., Bogan, J. R., Nghiem, P., Wang, J., ... Wagner, K. R.

citation count

  • 75

complete list of authors

  • Kornegay, Joe N||Childers, Martin K||Bogan, Daniel J||Bogan, Janet R||Nghiem, Peter||Wang, Jiahui||Fan, Zheng||Howard, James F||Schatzberg, Scott J||Dow, Jennifer L||Grange, Robert W||Styner, Martin A||Hoffman, Eric P||Wagner, Kathryn R

publication date

  • February 2012