Induction of apoptotic or lytic death in an ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line by antibodies generated against a synthetic N-terminal extracellular domain gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor peptide. Academic Article uri icon


  • A polyclonal antiserum was generated in ovariectomized sheep against a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids 5-17 of the deduced mouse pituitary gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor. Antipeptide antibodies did not bind native cells, but did react strongly with a human ovarian cancer cell line (OVCAR-3) reportedly sensitive to GnRH. Growth of cultured OVCAR-3 cells was specifically suppressed by antipeptide serum. This was attributed in part to programmed death (chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation) of cells by antibody-induced apoptosis. Antibodies also exhibited a cytolytic effect (lactate dehydrogenase release) toward OVCAR-3 cells in the presence of the complement. Endometria of passively immunized mice lacked development; thus, antipeptide antibodies evidently recognize Mullerian duct derivatives. Experiments are in progress to determine whether the putative antigen is a variant of the pituitary GnRH receptor or a largely dissimilar protein. Effector-functional antibodies could be useful in the management of ovarian or uterine neoplasia.

published proceedings

  • Cancer Lett

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Ackerman, R. C., Johnson, G. A., Van Kirk, E. A., Asirvatham, A. L., & Murdoch, W. J.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Ackerman, RC||Johnson, GA||Van Kirk, EA||Asirvatham, AL||Murdoch, WJ

publication date

  • January 1994