Work in progress: A simple technique that may improve the rate of embryo recovery on uterine flushing in mares. Academic Article uri icon


  • Embryo recovery rates from uterine flushings of normal mares on Day 7 or later after ovulation currently range from 55% to 80%. In contrast, pregnancy rates at 14 d in experimental mares are often higher. There appears to be a discrepancy between pregnancy rates and recovery rates of embryos on uterine flushing, indicating that some embryos are not recovered from the uterus on flushing. Per rectum ultrasound examination of the uterus of mares during flushing suggested that in some mares, the infused fluid may accumulate in the uterine body and not extend to contact the entire uterus, even after massage of the filled uterus per rectum. To increase embryo recovery rates, the flusing technique was altered to allow 3 min contact time of the flush fluid with the uterus during each of three flushes. It was thought that during this time, if the embryo was not directly contacted by the infused fluid, mobility of the embryo might cause it to move into the fluid, and thus be collected. This technique was used in 20 flushes on 14 mares, from 7 to 11 d after ovulation. Embryos were recovered on 18 of the 20 flushes. A total of 21 embryos was recovered, for an embryo recovery rate of 105%. The recovery rate from mares with single ovulations was 13/15 (87%); the recovery rate from mares with multiple ovulations was 8/5 (160%). These rates appear to be higher than those obtained previously in our laboratory and those reported by other workers in the field. These results indicate that further investigation into the efficacy of this procedure is warranted.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Hinrichs, K.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Hinrichs, K

publication date

  • January 1990