Differential effects of an infusion of endotoxin on proximal and distal feline jejunal permeability
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The effects of an intravenous infusion of endotoxin (750 g/kg) or an equal volume of saline solution (control) on the proximal and distal jejunal permeability and blood flow were evaluated in cats. In 8 cats, proximal and distal jejunal segments were isolated and mucosal clearance of 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was measured. The mucosal clearance in the distal loop was not altered by endotoxin infusion in 6 cats given endotoxin or 2 cats given saline solution. In 6 cats given endotoxin, the proximal jejunal segment exhibited a 10-fold increase in mucosal permeability. In contrast, mucosal clearance remained stable in the proximal jejunal loop in 2 cats infused with saline solution. In a second group of 13 cats (7 cats infused with endotoxin; 6 cats infused with saline solution), blood flow to the proximal and distal segments was measured. Either endotoxin (n = 7) or saline solution (n = 6) did not significantly alter blood flow to the proximal and distal jejunum in these experiments. Samples of proximal and distal jejunum were collected from 12 cats (6 cats infused with endotoxin and 6 cats infused with saline solution). There was significantly more epithelial necrosis in the endotoxin treated cats than in the saline treated cats. Neutrophil infiltration was greater in the jejunal segments of endotoxin treated cats than in the jejunal segments of saline treated cats. In the endotoxin treated cats, there was significantly greater necrosis in the proximal jejunal segment than in the distal jejunal segment. There were no significant differences in numbers of neutrophils in the proximal and distal jejunal segments. These results demonstrate that the proximal jejunum is more sensitive to endotoxin-induced increases in mucosal permeability than is the distal jejunum. The increases in mucosal permeability in the proximal jejunum were not accompanied by significant reductions in jejunal arterial blood flow. Endotoxemia induced neutrophil infiltration to the proximal and distal jejunum. Pearson Professional Ltd 1996.
author list (cited authors)
Jackman, B. J., Eades, S. C., Moore, J. N., & Harmon, B.
complete list of authors
Jackman, BJ||Eades, SC||Moore, JN||Harmon, B