Active oxygen species play a role in mediating platelet aggregation and cyclic flow variations in severely stenosed and endothelium-injured coronary arteries.
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A canine model with cyclic flow variations (CFVs) in stenosed and endothelium-injured coronary arteries was used to examine the role of active oxygen species in platelet aggregation in vivo. We studied 90 anesthetized dogs in which the pericardial cavity was opened and the heart was exposed. The velocity of blood flow in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was monitored by a pulsed Doppler flow probe. In 67 dogs, the LADs were stenosed by applying external constrictors at the site where the endothelium was mechanically injured. CFVs developed in all 67 dogs. Treatment with the antioxidants recombinant human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (r-h-CuZnSOD), recombinant human manganese superoxide dismutase (r-h-MnSOD), and catalase eliminated platelet aggregation-associated coronary CFVs in 63%, 62%, and 64% of animals, respectively. Intravenous infusion of epinephrine restored CFVs in most dogs. Ketanserin, a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine2) receptor antagonist, abolished epinephrine-restored CFVs and eliminated CFVs in dogs in which CFVs had not been eliminated by free radical scavengers. In an additional 23 dogs, the LADs were stenosed but not mechanically injured. For control studies, saline was infused into the LADs of 5 dogs. Xanthine/xanthine oxidase was infused into the LADs of 8 dogs and induced CFVs in 4. Hydrogen peroxide was infused into the other 10 dogs and induced CFVs in 9. Histological analysis of the coronary artery revealed that the intima was significantly injured by the infusion. In ex vivo platelet aggregation studies, the in vivo treatment with r-h-CuZnSOD, r-h-MnSOD, and catalase significantly inhibited platelet aggregation induced by platelet-activating factor. Thus, active oxygen species are involved in mediating platelet aggregation and cyclic flow variations in stenosed and endothelium-injured canine coronary arteries in vivo.
author list (cited authors)
Yao, S. K., Ober, J. C., Gonenne, A., Clubb, F. J., Krishnaswami, A., Ferguson, J. J., ... Willerson, J. T.
complete list of authors
Yao, SK||Ober, JC||Gonenne, A||Clubb, FJ||Krishnaswami, A||Ferguson, JJ||Anderson, HV||Gorecki, M||Buja, LM||Willerson, JT