Major histocompatibility complex class II antigen expression in rejecting cardiac allografts: detection using in vivo imaging with radiolabeled monoclonal antibody. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Increased expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) antigen occurs during cardiac allograft rejection. We tested the hypotheses that (1) radiolabeled antibody to MHC-II antigen allows detection of cardiac allograft rejection using nuclear imaging techniques and (2) uptake of radiolabeled antibody to MHC-II antigen correlates with severity of rejection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen beagles with cervical cardiac allografts were studied for 64+/-23 days by use of myocardial biopsy and in vivo imaging. Uptake of radiolabeled (131I [n=2], 123I [n=1], or 111In [n=10]) antibody to MHC-II increased over baseline in 7 animals that developed histological evidence of progressively worsening allograft rejection (group A), from 72.2+/-46.1 to 176.8+/-102.0 counts/pixel/mCi (P<.009). In 4 beagles without progressively worsening allograft rejection (group B), uptake was unchanged during follow-up (74.4+/-43.8 and 60.2+/-37.4 counts/pixel/mCi; P=NS). In animals studied with 111In-labeled antibody, uptake increased from 102.9+/-23.1 at baseline to 233.2+/-82.7 counts/pixel/mCi at follow-up in group A animals (P=.036), with no significant change in group B (91.1+/-34.9 and 75.9+/-24.9 counts/pixel/mCi; P=NS). Uptake of 111In-labeled antibody was 107.5+/-35.7, 135.9+/-70.8, and 307.8+/-90.1 counts/pixel/mCi in biopsy samples showing evidence of mild, moderate, and severe rejection, respectively (P=.001). Biopsy samples showing mild, moderate, and intense MHC-II expression antibody uptake had uptakes of 92.6+/-36.3, 158.5+/-54.7, and 307.8+/-90.1 counts/pixel/mCi, respectively (P=.00004). CONCLUSIONS: Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies to MHC-II antigen can detect cardiac allograft rejection in this large mammal model of cardiac allograft transplantation, and this technique may have a potential role in the detection of rejection in patients after cardiac transplantation.

published proceedings

  • Circulation

author list (cited authors)

  • McGhie, A. I., Radovancevic, B., Capek, P., Moore, W. H., Kasi, L., Lamki, L., ... Willerson, J. T.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • McGhie, AI||Radovancevic, B||Capek, P||Moore, WH||Kasi, L||Lamki, L||Clubb, FJ||Frazier, OH||Willerson, JT

publication date

  • January 1997