Histopathological standards for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal inflammation in endoscopic biopsy samples from the dog and cat: a report from the World Small Animal Veterinary Association Gastrointestinal Standardization Group. Academic Article uri icon


  • The characterization of inflammatory change in endoscopic biopsy samples of the gastrointestinal mucosa is an increasingly important component in the diagnosis and management of canine and feline gastrointestinal disease. Interpretation has hitherto been limited by the lack of standard criteria that define morphological and inflammatory features, and the absence of such standardization has made it difficult, if not impossible, to compare results of retrospective or prospective studies. The World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Gastrointestinal Standardization Group was established, in part, to develop endoscopic and microscopical standards in small animal gastroenterology. This monograph presents a standardized pictorial and textual template of the major histopathological changes that occur in inflammatory disease of the canine and feline gastric body, gastric antrum, duodenum and colon. Additionally, a series of standard histopathological reporting forms is proposed, to encourage evaluation of biopsy samples in a systematic fashion. The Standardization Group believes that the international acceptance of these standard templates will advance the study of gastrointestinal disease in individual small companion animals as well as investigations that compare populations of animals.

published proceedings

  • J Comp Pathol

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Day, M. J., Bilzer, T., Mansell, J., Wilcock, B., Hall, E. J., Jergens, A., ... World Small Animal Veterinary Association Gastrointestinal Standardization Group.

citation count

  • 344

complete list of authors

  • Day, MJ||Bilzer, T||Mansell, J||Wilcock, B||Hall, EJ||Jergens, A||Minami, T||Willard, M||Washabau, R

publication date

  • February 2008