Effect of endoscopic forceps on quality of duodenal mucosal biopsy in healthy dogs. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding influence of endoscopic forceps on duodenal mucosal biopsy quality and adequacy for histologic examination/assessment in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Hypothesizing that larger forceps would procure superior specimens, we evaluated effect of 6 disposable forceps on duodenal biopsy weight, depth, crush artifact, and adequacy for histologic examination/assessment. ANIMALS: Seventeen healthy adult dogs. METHODS: Prospective study. Two operators each obtained 4 duodenal specimens from each dog with each forceps. Lightest sample discarded. One pathologist evaluated blindly other 3 specimens. A total of 612 specimens evaluated. Results analyzed by one-way ANOVA of forceps effects with dog as blocking factor. Posthoc pairwise comparisons examined with Tukey's test when indicated. RESULTS: Biopsies performed with large capacity forceps heavier (10.56 0.90 and 11.6 0.62 mg (mean SD) versus 5.55 0.53 to 8.61 0.49; P < .0001) and adequacy for histologic examination/assessment superior to standard oval and 'pediatric' (scores 2.52 0.41 and 2.58 0.37 versus 2.08 0.33 and 2.14 0.29; P < .0001). No statistically significant difference in depth scores. Large capacity forceps with spike associated with less crush artifact than all smaller forceps (scores 1.19 0.16 versus 1.38 0.21 to 1.52 0.21; P < .0001). In same size forceps, presence of spike had no effect on crush artifact and adequacy for histologic examination/assessment (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Large capacity forceps are superior, providing higher quality and greater numbers of samples achieving adequacy for histologic examination/assessment. Choice of endoscopic biopsy forceps for duodenal samples influences sample volume and diagnostic utility.

published proceedings

  • J Vet Intern Med

author list (cited authors)

  • Goutal-Landry, C. M., Mansell, J., Ryan, K. A., & Gaschen, F. P.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Goutal-Landry, CM||Mansell, J||Ryan, KA||Gaschen, FP

publication date

  • May 2013