Genomic hybridization of bovine class II major histocompatibility genes: 2. Polymorphism of DR genes and linkage disequilibrium in the DQ‐DR region
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Class II genes of the bovine major histocompatibility complex have been investigated by Southern blot analysis using human cDNA probes for DQ alpha, DQ beta, DR alpha and DR beta. In this report restriction fragment length polymorphisms of DR alpha and DR beta are described. The polymorphisms were interpreted genetically by analysing five paternal half-sib families of the Swedish Red and White Breed, comprising altogether 28 offspring. Using the restriction enzymes BamHI, EcoRI and PvuII, three DR alpha and three DR beta allelic fragment patterns were resolved. The DR alpha and DR beta genes thus appear to be much less polymorphic than the previously described DQ alpha and DQ beta genes. Also, the observed linkage disequilibrium between DR genes was less pronounced than that between DQ genes, whereas the association between DR and DQ haplotypes was very strong. The family data available indicated strongly that the DQ alpha, DQ beta, DR alpha and DR beta genes are all closely linked.
author list (cited authors)
ANDERSSON, L., BóHME, J., PETERSON, P. A., & RASK, L.
complete list of authors
Andersson, L||Böhme, J||Peterson, PA||Rask, L