Embedded Video Subband Coding with 3D SPIHT
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This chapter is devoted to the exposition of a complete video coding system, which is based on coding of three dimensional (wavelet) subbands with the SPIHT (set partitioning in hierarchical trees) coding algorithm. The SPIHT algorithm, which has proved so successful in still image coding, is also shown to be quite effective in video coding, while retaining its attributes of complete embeddedness and scalability by fidelity and resolution. Three-dimensional spatio-temporal orientation trees coupled with powerful SPIHT sorting and refinement renders 3D SPIHT video coder so efficient that it provides performance superior to that of MPEG-2 and comparable to that of H.263 with minimal system complexity. Extension to color-embedded video coding is accomplished without explicit bit-allocation, and can be used for any color plane representation. In addition to being rate scalable, the proposed video coder allows multiresolution scalability in encoding and decoding in both time and space from one bit-stream. These attributes of scalability, lacking in MPEG-2 and H.263, along with many desirable features, such as full embedded-ness for progressive transmission, precise rate control for constant bit-rate (CBR) traffic, and low-complexity for possible software-only video applications, makes the proposed video coder an attractive candidate for for multi-media applications. Moreover, the codec is fast and efficient from low to high rates, obviating the need for a different standard for each rate range.
author list (cited authors)
Pearlman, W. A., Kim, B., & Xiong, Z.
complete list of authors
Pearlman, William A||Kim, Beong-Jo||Xiong, Zixiang
editor list (cited editors)
Wavelet Image and Video Compression