Particle dispersion and separation resolution of pinched flow fractionation. Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper investigates a hydrodynamic particle separation technique that employs pinching of particles to a narrow microchannel. The particles are subject to a sudden expansion which results in a size-based particle separation transverse to the flow direction. The separation resolution and particle dispersion are measured using epifluorescence microscopy. The resolution and dispersion are predicted using a compact theoretical model. Devices are fabricated using conventional soft lithography of polydimethylsiloxane. The results show that the separation resolution is a function of the microchannel aspect ratio, particle size difference, and the microchannel sidewall roughness. A separation resolution as large as 3.8 is obtained in this work. This work shows that particles with diameters on the order of the sidewall roughness cannot be separated using pinched flow fractionation.

published proceedings

  • Anal Chem

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Jain, A., & Posner, J. D.

citation count

  • 42

complete list of authors

  • Jain, Abhishek||Posner, Jonathan D

publication date

  • January 2008