Robust Compensation Scheme for Low Power Capacitor-less Low Dropout Voltage Regulator
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With the expansion of battery powered mobile devices, power management has an ever increasing presence in the electronics industry. These devices require power management circuitry not only to extend the useful life of the battery but also to supply low noise voltage analog circuitry. The low-dropout voltage regulator (LDO) offers improved efficiency over other regulator topologies; however the architecture suffers from stability issues, which usually necessitates a large off-chip capacitor to ensure the regulator's performance. This work presents an alternative topology, removing the bulky external capacitor, thus allowing for greater power system integration. The proposed Current Amplifier Hybrid Compensation (CAHC) scheme implements an active feedback-feedforward compensation system and maintains both a fast transient response and full range alternating current (AC) stability from 0 to 50mA load currents even with a 100pF loading capacitance. The 1.2V External Capacitor-less LDO voltage regulator was designed and simulated in a commercial 0.35μm CMOS technology, and consumed only 61μA of quiescent current with a dropout voltage of less than 200mV. Simulated results demonstrate that the proposed External Capacitor-less LDO architecture overcomes the typical load transient and AC stability issues encountered in previous architectures. The combined size and component reduction of this architecture presents a more integrable and economic power management system. © 2013 IEEE.
author list (cited authors)
Gitzel, D., Rivera, R., & Silva-Martínez, J.