A 4 Bit Continuous-Time $Sigma Delta $ Modulator With Fully Digital Quantization Noise Reduction Algorithm Employing a 7 Bit Quantizer Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2016 IEEE. This paper presents a fully digital quantization noise reduction algorithm (DQNRA) for CTΣΔM. The algorithm overcomes the signal leakage issues commonly found in cascade and MASH implementations. The proposed DQNRA is robust to PVT variations. The DQNRA performs a foreground measurement of the modulators noise transfer function. A ΣΔM using a 7 bit quantizer, from which the four most significant bits are used for the operation of the ΣΔM, proves the DQNRA concept. The remaining three least significant bits are used for the realization of the DQNRA for quantization noise improvement. A 7 bit quantizer with a three-step subranging architecture is implemented to reduce power and area consumption. A fourth-order continuous-time ΣΔ prototype was implemented in 130 nm CMOS technology. The modulator's total power consumption is 20 mW, with only 6 mW used for the realization of the 7 bit quantizer operating at 500 MHz. For this prototype, the use of a DQNRA algorithm improved the modulator's SNDR from 69 to 75 dB over a 15 MHz bandwidth, limited after calibration by thermal noise rather than quantization noise. The obtained FoM is 164 dB.

author list (cited authors)

  • Briseno-Vidrios, C., Edward, A., Rashidi, N., & Silva-Martinez, J.

citation count

  • 7

publication date

  • May 2016