PTDF-based power system equivalents
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The large size of power systems makes behavioral analysis of electricity markets computationally taxing. Reducing the system into a smaller equivalent, based on congestion zones, can substantially reduce the computational requirements. In this paper, we propose a scheme to determine the equivalent reactance of interfaces of a reduced system based upon the zonal power transfer distribution factors of the original system. The dc power flow model is used to formulate the problem. Test examples are provided using both an illustrative six-bus system and a more realistically sized 12 925-bus system. © 2005 IEEE.
author list (cited authors)
Cheng, X. u., & Overbye, T. J.